Gut also known as gastrointestinal or GI tract starts from the mouth and includes oesophagus, small intestine and large intestine. The gut is where digestion happens starting from the mouth, broken down in the stomach and nutrients are absorbed into the small intestine, water is absorbed in the large intestine and waste material is removed from the body
Given that digestion of food and nutrient absorption takes place in the gut, a healthy gut is essential to make sure the body is getting fuelled well.
You gut is also known as the ‘second brain’ . There is a two way communication between the gut and the brain known as the ‘gut-brain axis’. This is the reason why what your feel mentally affects how you feel in your gut and vice versa.
The gut contains trillions of bacteria which are involved in digesting food and fighting against pathogens that cause disease. The bacterial population in the gut constitutes our gut microbiome. Every person has a different gut microbiome influenced by various factors such as genetics and environment and the diversity of this population is important for overall health.
5 Superfoods That can help you revive your gut
- Chia Seeds
Chia seeds are an excellent source of fiber. These small seeds can make a huge difference in improving bowel movements and lowering the risk of constipation.
Ginger is a traditional ingredient in Eastern medicine that tempers down inflammation and improves digestion. It also prevents nausea, vomiting, and morning sickness. The mechanism of action of ginger revolves around accelerating gastric emptying, which reduces the risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), nausea, and indigestion.
Sabudana also contains dietary fiber. This contributes to digestive health and helps improve issues like bloating, constipation, and indigestion. It helps to prevent digestion issues, relieves gas, bloating and constipation. It contains a good amount of dietary fibre that also helps to rebalance the healthy gut bacteria
4. Fennel Seeds
Fennel is a plant with a pale bulb and green stalks that adds flavor to your food. It has very high levels of fiber, which prevent constipation and improve peristalsis (i.e., bowel contractions). Moreover, fennel contains an antispasmodic agent that relaxes the muscles of your GI tract. This can be especially beneficial for those suffering from constipation.
Oats contain a unique type of fibre that nourishes and restores healthy gut bacteria. This makes oats a great food to eat every day and they are especially suited to breakfast – porridges, muesli or a smoothie with oats